By Chris J. Walker

The brilliant and innovative guitarist John McLaughlin has always followed
his heart. Beginning in England during the late '60s, he was experimenting
with blues and avant-garde jazz/rock with Alexis Korner, Graham Bond, Ginger
Baker, John Surman and others. Not long after that, he ventured to the U.S.
and joined wunderkind drummer Tony Williams' groundbreaking fusion band,
Lifetime. From there, he was recruited by the great Miles Davis to be part
of his stellar experimental session bands for the landmark albums In a
Silent Way and Bitches Brew. McLaughlin made some serious waves of his own
in 1971, when he formed the revolutionary and highly influential fusion
unit, Mahavishnu Orchestra. Within a few years, however, this restless
musical spirit had moved onto other horizons, forming the Indian-flavored
acoustic jazz outfit Shakti, a group he has returned to a number of times
through the years, even as he has gone on to other exciting musical
explorations with many inspiring musicians from the jazz and rock worlds.

Differing greatly from most of the discs in his illustrious catalog are two
recordings that are based around classical music: Apocalypse 1974 was his
most adventurous album during the second edition of the Mahavishnu
Orchestra. Its orchestral work was conducted by Michael Tilson-Thomas and
grounded by the driving fusion of his new band, which featured violinist
Jean-Luc Ponty and drummer Narada Michael Walden, among others. His second
symphonic album, Mediterranean, recorded in 1988, also featured
Tilson-Thomas conducting the London Symphony, but it was texturally much
lighter than Apocalypse, based around an appealing neo-romantic guitar

Fifteen years later and for the third time, McLaughlin has returned to the
orchestral format with Thieves and Poets. The guitarist's first new studio
project in almost six years features an orchestra known as I Pommeriggi
Musicali di Milano Musical Afternoons in Milan , conducted by Renalto
Rivolta. However, this CD differs from his previous classical works for its
inclusion of four standards dedicated to four legendary jazz pianists:
Herbie Hancock, Chick Corea, Bill Evans and current Cuban sensation, Gonzalo
Rubalcaba. Accompanying the master guitarist for that portion of the CD are
old cohorts the Aighetta Quartet with Helmut Schartlmueller on acoustic

When I caught up with McLaughlin in Boulder, Colo., where he was preparing
for a tour with the latest incarnation of Shakti, he related his surprise
that it's been a decade-and-a-half between his orchestral forays, noting,
"They're all so very different. The first was a big electric band with
orchestra. The second one was disappointing: I liked the piece, but I had no
hand in the mixing and would have preferred another result. Maybe that's one
of the things that made me produce this one in the manner I did - using
orchestra in one way and sound design in another. Despite the density and
dynamics of the orchestra, I'm able to get a coherent balance between the
instruments, soloists and the mass that the symphony can come up with. You
have this tremendous feeling of tension between them and the solo voice, but
I like that."

Thieves and Poets is, in essence, a three-part suite chronicling the
guitarist's musical journey during his lifetime. The first movement
represents Europe, the "Old World"; the second is the transition to America,
the "New World"; and the third is firmly set in the "New World." The finale
is a joyful unification of both worlds. Creatively and technically, it's
derived and modified from a work originally commissioned by Jurgen Nimbler
and the Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie. Once completed, with the help of Yann
Maresz, his former student, McLaughlin toured with the symphony for
performances throughout Europe. He called it "one of the greatest musical
experiences of my life." However, once the concerts concluded, he shelved
the composition and moved on to other pursuits. Several years later, he
dusted off the work, and again, with Maresz's aid, re-orchestrated it for a
large symphony concert in Paris with his old friend, guitarist Paco de

After that incredible performance, McLaughlin shifted his attention to other
creative directions. Then, Jean-Christophe Maillot, choreographer of Les
Ballets de Monte-Carlo, the city that the guitarist also calls home, asked
if McLaughlin had a piece for orchestra that he could choreograph. By this
time, the composition was dramatically different from the initial
conception - it needed revamping - and McLaughlin hadn't been able to set
aside time to solely focus on it. By the time he finally completed the work,
it had been three years since its inital conception.

In the beginning stages, McLaughlin worked off of a demo using synthesizers
and samples, detailing the parts through MIDI for Renato Rivolta, who's also
a jazz musician. Under the conductor's leadership, the orchestra recorded to
Pro Tools in Officine Meccaniche Studio's huge wood-lined room in Milan
where McLaughlin had previously cut his CDs Time Remembered and The Heart of

"Having a jazz player conducting the orchestra was great for me," McLaughlin
comments, "because rhythm is very important. Not that I wanted them to sound
like a jazz band, but I wanted them to keep pretty good tempo. They did a
great job and had a lot of enthusiasm. And the soloists were outstanding and
contributed wonderful playing." Due to scheduling conflicts, some of the
soloists' parts were recorded later by McLaughlin separately at his home

Additional orchestral elements were created in the studio, with Marersz
playing a major role. "Strings and timpani can't be reproduced," McLaughlin
explains, "but there still are a lot of things that you can do, and we, in
fact, created our own instruments. We were using Pro Tools, and Yann is an
expert with this Mac program that applies MIDI and its controls but in an
acoustic environment. Still, it's major work and you must have a tremendous
number of samples to get the right dynamics and timbre. Truthfully, it's
more work than recording a symphony and I thought about flying in a big band
to overdub on top of the orchestra, but I was already way over budget."

Not to be overlooked is the standards segment of the CD, which pays tribute
to four keyboardists whom the guitarist greatly admires. McLaughlin says
that he can't explain why, but he often feels a need to revisit his past,
and classic American songbook material was what he was weaned on as a young
jazz player in the '60s. In a way, these simpler, more modest tunes pick up
where 10 years after his acclaimed Time Remembered left off. But they, too,
proved taxing for McLaughlin, both in terms of composition and time. Each
selection took roughly a month to compose and then condense through a lot of
trial and error and rewriting.

Mixing was done in Pro Tools, mostly during September and October of 2002.
Though McLaughlin is actually quite adept on the hard disk system, with more
than 10 years of experience, he relied on Austrian engineer Marcus
Wippersberg's talents for mixing, editing and some overdubs. Wippersberg,
who's a rock drummer by trade, had never met McLaughlin or worked on a
classical-based project before. From his home studio in Linz, Austria,
situated between Vienna and Salzburg, he recalls how he ended up working
with the renowned guitarist: "I met John during the middle of the work on
the CD. He had already recorded the string orchestra and his guitar on his
own. I was working in Monaco with another guy in a studio for a Narada
Michael Walden project. They came into contact with John, and he was looking
for an engineer to work with."

As a result of that meeting, Wippersberg soon found himself deeply immersed
in McLaughlin's vision. He worked 12-hour days at the guitarist's side in
Monaco and at his own similarly equipped studio in Austria, conferring long
distance with the guitarist about both technical issues and creative
matters. "John really knows what he wants and he also knows a lot about the
Macintosh operating system and other things," Wippersberg says. "It wasn't,
'Do what you like and I'll tell you if I like it.' He's mixing with you all
the time." Wippersberg felt the four standards were fairly easy to put
together, but the three-part suite and finale, with orchestra, soloist and
extensive sound-designed portions programmed by Maresz, were extremely
challenging to mix. "Getting those three components to sound like one
orchestra playing was difficult," the engineer comments. "Basically, I
couldn't have done it without the Altiverb plug-in. It made everything sound
like it all happened in the same room, and I've used it on every record I've

Wippersberg is the first to acknowledge that working on Thieves and Poets
was a far cry from the rock and soundtrack sessions he normally does. It was
a tremendous learning experience for him and quite inspirational: "It was
really beyond belief! I would be sitting in the library of his house in
Monaco where he has his Pro Tools setup and he's behind me playing his
acoustic guitar! The best part was recording his solos and getting to decide
which one would be on the record. I'd definitely like to do more work with

When we spoke, McLaughlin was already focused on his next project, which he
hinted would be a drastic mixture of styles sure to inflame critics. Summing
up Thieves and Poets, he states, "I would safely say that this is my last
swim in the classical swimming pool. I'm 62 and I can't see myself doing
another one 14 years from now. But through classical is how I first fell in
love with music. It was only later that blues, jazz, flamenco and Indian
came in. But out of them all [his classical albums], I'm the happiest with
this recording. And in the end, that's the only thing I can really hang on
to. I've had my share of flack thrown at me by record companies. But in the
general sense, I have to make myself happy; otherwise, I wouldn't want to
release it."